With the fall of Rome, in the first century AD, Mykonos became part of the Byzantine Empire. It remained so until Constantinople fell in The Fourth Crusade in the 12th century.
In 1204 Andrea Ghisi, a relative of the Doge of Venice, occupied the island and it became part of the Venetian province of Tinos. Then, in 1390, at the request of the people of Mykonos, it was given over to direct Venetian rule.
In 1537, while the Venetians still reigned, Mykonos was attacked by the Ottoman navy, who established a fleet on the island. Under the Turks, it was important naval centre, a position it enjoyed until the end of the 18th century. During this time it also saw a great deal of pirate activity.
In 1821, the Revolution against the Ottomans erupted. Led by Mando Mavrogenous, a wealthy local woman who sacrificed her fortune to the cause, Mykonos played an active role. Their efforts paved the way for national independence which was won finally in 1830. Mando Mavrogenous is now a national heroine and her statue sits in square in the main town of Mykonos.
In the late 19th century and early 20th century, Mykonos slowly lost its hold as an important port and naval centre. After World War I, people began to leave the island to find work in mainland Greece and in foreign countries, especially the United States.
1873, the French School of Archaeology started excavations on nearby Delos and the first tourists arrived on Mykonos.
By the 1930s Mykonos had become a holiday destination for the rich and famous and tourism had become the island’s number one industry.
During World War II Mykonos served as a major port for the Allies and was subsequently occupied by the Italians and then the Germans.
After the war, tourism picked up again and from the 1950s until the present day, Mykonos has played host to countless visitors from all over the world. Since has earned its stripes as one of the world’s most desirable holiday destinations, it looks set welcome millions more in the future.